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Environmental records are being broken While Singapore is spared from the worst
with increasing frequency, whether it
is temperature, hurricane, drought or rainfall. No country is spared from the adverse impact of extreme weather, whether it is large or small, rich or poor. In 2018 alone, we witnessed unusually high summer temperatures in Europe, from Greece to the Arctic Circle, strong hurricanes in the United States and super typhoons in East Asia.
The Asia Paci c is amongst the most vulnerable. “Climate change will bring soaring temperatures, more intense storms, erratic rainfall, plummeting crop yields and a collapse of coral reefs in the Asia Paci c,” Professor Benjamin Horton, chair of the Asian School of the Environment at Nanyang Technological University, told The Straits Times. “I strongly believe the region’s future growth and security – as well as the welfare of hundreds of millions of people – are at stake.”
effects of extreme weather, it is still feeling the heat of climate change. Thirteen out of the past 15 years have been the warmest since 1929. Based on climate modelling, the Meteorological Service Singapore projects average temperature increases of between 1.4o C and 4.6o C, raising the level of discomfort and heightening the likelihood of heat-stress injuries.
Large parts of Singapore also suffer from urban heat island (UHI), a phenomenon common in cities. Urban areas are warmer than surrounding rural areas because of the heat generated by buildings, vehicles and trains. For Singapore, one of the densest cities in the world, built up areas in the city can be up to 7°C hotter than the outskirts.
Rainfalls, though they have remained relatively unchanged, are becoming more variable, with prolonged dry spells as well as intense rainfalls and  ash  oods, placing greater stress on water resource management.
Singapore also faces an existential threat from rising sea levels caused in part by melting ice caps and glaciers as much of the country lies only 15 metres above the mean sea level, with
about 30% of the island less than 5 metres above the mean sea level.
As climate change is a global challenge requiring a global response, Singapore is lending its voice and experience in bringing urgency to climate action.
Speaking at the Global Compact Network Singapore Summit 2018 on 19 November, Deputy Prime Minister Teo Chee Hean said, “The special report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change projects that, based on current global efforts, the world will face a 3°C temperature rise by the end of the century. If we are to meet the Paris

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